Nootropics are relatively new. They’ve been around for a few decades, but their explosion on the international market as supplements is still a fairly recent happening, with very few ‘street names’ thus far being attached to them. Known alternatively, and very genially, as smart drugs, intelligent enhancers, or memory enhancers, they are on the market as supplements, designed to boost our mental faculties, improving, among other things, alertness, focus, memory, and concentration. Therefore, we need nootropics review because there are a lot out there, so which ones are more effective than others?
Vinpocetine is taken from the periwinkle plant, and has been on the US market as a supplement for just over a decade. Before that, however, it was widely available throughout Europe, where, following extensive and clinical study, it was universally regarded as being extremely effective for brain and memory function. Results of the study showed improved cerebral circulation and greater cognitive performance in the individual. It was even found that vinpocetine prevented cognitive decline – before vinpocetine, there had been nothing to suggest, aid, or prevent such a decline. Much research and nootropics review, therefore, has been done on this particular nootropic to suggest that not only is it safe, but that it is a powerful, effective and wholly reliable supplement.
Racetam is a family of drugs, containing both nootropics and stimulants, with Oxiracetam being one of the cognitive enhancing nootropic members. Racetam’s may all have the same goal – to boost our mental faculties – but, owing to their different natures, not all results will be adequate for each individual. Oxiracetam, like it’s family members, is non-toxic and aids the production of glutamate, which is a non-essential amino acid that is vital for the strengthening and preservation of our memory.
Oxiracetam’s effects on the human body are very similar to those induced by caffeine; it can feel like a stimulant, giving you a bolt of energy in the morning, waking you up, and increasing your alertness. This mimicry of a stimulant makes it a nootropic that has a few aces up its sleeves; it can bolster memory and focus, as well as giving you a jolt of energy. It’s effects can be described as being effective much quicker than any of its racetam brothers, which can either be an advantage or a disadvantage, owing to the person taking it, and the effects they are looking for.
This benzhydryl sulfinyl has come to be known as the ‘wakefulness’ drug. Approved by the US’ FDA for treatment of narcolepsy, and shift work disorder, the purpose of this drug is to keep you awake and focused, which therefore makes it handy for studying, reading, and for working extremely long and changeable shifts. It significantly improves concentration levels, waking you up, and aiding your chances of increased learning and studying.
It was approved by the FDA in 1998 for treatment of narcolepsy, and has only recently made its way into the mainstream as a potential ‘wonder drug’ that can help, in particular, students studying for exams. The reason for such a delay may be down to a degree of skepticism over its benefits for high-performing students. Sufferers of narcolepsy will naturally benefit from a drug which produces effects of wakefulness and greater concentration; but the research into its benefits on non-sleep deprived individuals are so far vague and inconclusive. Regardless, in 2013 it was hailed as a potential ‘wonder drug’ and its popularity is spreading. This explosion in the student market has led to some concern over its safety in the long term, and whether a reliance on such a drug is unhealthy.
Cognitive enhancement aside, modafinil has been used to treat fatigue, particularly in depression, which further suggests its usefulness to those suffering from an inability to ‘wake up’ throughout the day and retain focus on what is needed – studying, for example. It has also been suggested that modafinil may be a possible method for the treatment of cocaine addiction, as well as ADHD, making it a nootropic with various uses.
Natural Nootropics – What are they and how can they help?
Nootropics are widely known as intelligence enhancers, memory enhancers, or simply ‘smart drugs.’ In short, nootropics are non-toxic supplements, which give a boost to your mental faculties. In the grand scheme of things, nootropics are relatively new, with the term being coined in 1972, derived from the Greek words for ‘mind’ and ‘bend.’ Their discovery reflected, and coincided with the fast-paced lifestyle being enjoyed by many in that era. The more alert and focused people needed to be, the greater the need for chemical aid to allow this to happen.
The most natural nootropics out there exist in food ingredients. There are a few types of natural nootropics, one of which are dopaminergic’s. Dopaminergic’s, of which dopamine was a precursor, are seen as a relatively safe option by a lot of people because they are entirely natural. Their releasing agents include amphetamine, the stimulant used to help sufferers of ADHD to regain focus and concentration.
Tyrosine is a food substance that falls under the dopaminergic umbrella; it is a non-essential amino acid, meaning that the body itself produces it. But to go further, it is required for those who want to go further than their body will allow them, whether it be improved mental functioning, or improved physical attributes.
Tyrosine is an amino acid found in food, such as turkey and bananas. The body doesn’t manufacture it, which makes it an essential amino acid. The only way to get tryptophan is from food. Tryptophan is a type of serotonergics, which helps to boost the production of serotonin, a neurotransmitter which helps to calm us down, relaxing us for sleep. Therefore, tryptophan is a natural calming agent, and has been recommended as helping to improve the functions of our brain.
Choline is an essential nutrient, but choline deficiency is not uncommon among humans. A diet which contains little choline can result in ill-health. Choline is necessary for structural integrity, as well as cholinergic neurotransmission. You can introduce more choline into your body through eating more foods high in choline, which means you don’t necessarily need to rely on supplements for your choline. Vegetables, such as broccoli and cauliflower contain high amounts of choline, as does meat such as raw beef liver, and cod fish. Hardboiled eggs, peanuts, and almonds are also good sources of choline. Although choline is necessary for a healthy body, dietary recommendations warn against eating too much food high in choline.
Niacin is a natural nootropic which some claim is more effect than some supplement-based nootropics, such as the popular piracetam. It is a B vitamin, which can be found in eggs, chicken, beef, tuna, and salmon, and is necessary to help prevent skin lesions, nausea, and tiredness. Niacin can also help repair DNA, and as been known to be used in cancer therapy. It increases circulation of blood sent to the brain, as well as stimulating nerve growth.